- methods waterproofing
- horizontal waterproofing
- vertical waterproofing
- Waterproofing liquid bitumen
- Strip foundation
- material to protect
Forto provide the foundation at home or any other building strength and durability, it is necessary to pave the waterproofing.Proper waterproofing the foundation - a guarantee of reliability of the entire building.After the destruction of the base will be damaged and the construction itself.
Antifiltratsionnaya basement waterproofing is not done with his own hands.For everything it needed high-class specialists who have experience in this field.However, in most cases such protection is not required.Antifiltratsionnaya system is needed only in areas with a high level of moisture.For simple cottages, bathhouses, garages suitable corrosion waterproofing.
Corrosion waterproofing can be:
vertical protection is more difficult to perform, but it is very effective.
horizontal protection system against moisture foundation made of conventional roofing material, folded several times.It is set is very simple and is more common than all other types of waterproofing.
- this type of waterproofing is laid in two places: under the walls of the supports directly on the foundation slab and in the ceiling of the basement.
- If additionally installed vertical waterproofing, it is necessary to ensure that the materials are uniformly connected.
This system is the foundation of protection imposed on his soles.For waterproofing, you can use liquid bitumen.When working with this material should only remember that it allocates noxious fumes when heated form.Therefore it is necessary to protect themselves.
Vertical protection can be:
Paint waterproofing is carried out using bitumen, which is applied to the surface.The vertical waterproofing can also be used and roofing.
Waterproofing liquid bitumen
liquid bitumen - an excellent material for waterproofing of the foundation.He:
- inexpensive and practical;
- easy to apply;
- does not require the participation of experts;
- fills the pores, cracks and crevices in the foundation;
- withstands not only moisture, but also to other aggressive factors;
bitumen work must be carried out only with the use of protection.In addition, bitumen requires regular warming, and it must be carefully monitored.This material is quickly ignited and burns, exuding suffocating smoke and odor.
To make waterproofing bitumen, it is necessary to follow the instructions below.
- need to find a container in which the composition is heated.
- should be placed in the container of used oil and bitumen.Oil simply necessary in this case since it reports a number of material properties.
- Bitumen and oil heated.They have become one composition.Only then can you start to work.
- To make basement waterproofing with bitumen, it is necessary to immerse into the cushion and then covered with a mixture of reason.This method is a waterproofing strip foundation, basement and supports.
Waterproofing is not limited to treatment with a base foundation and basement.In order to protect the house from moisture, it is necessary to provide a quality drainage near by the house.To do this, equip one artless system.
- is necessary around the perimeter of the foundation at a distance of about 3 - 4 meters to dig a trench.The depth of this trench can be more than a meter.The nature of the drainage ditch is different from other types of trenches and pits that such a moat goes downhill.Wherein the bias is away from home.
- laid in a trench plastic tube.The ends of the tubes have to wrap them to take a well-water and is not clogged.
- entire system is filled with sand and gravel.Top cover it with soil.
After everything the drainage system can not worry that the basement would be flooded after the melting of snow in the area.When constructing such a system have to be careful.If an error occurs, water can begin to flow directly to the foundation.In complex cases, such work is better to invite a specialist.
additional measure of protection - external drainage system.This is different trays and water collectors.This method has been known since ancient times.He still works effectively.Before you make the waterproofing of the foundation, it is necessary to consider the drainage area.
on strip foundations exposed to water:
When waterproofing arrangement must take into account all kinds of damage that can cause the moisture in different ways.
Waterproofing can be:
Gravity waterproofing designed for the seasonal snow melt, when the water rises to the foundation.It is made as follows:
- First you have to dig around the perimeter of the foundation trench depth of about 25 cm.
- The trench is laid a layer of clay.On top of this layer is filled with sand and gravel.
- Near foundation is inclined blind area in which it is necessary to pave the drainage channels.
After everything this system will cease to seasonal water pose a danger to the strip foundation.
isolation of this type is made using a variety of spraying and lubricative funds.It protects the foundation permanently from any moisture.As a result of the works, a special membrane, which has a water-repellent characteristics.
This type of protection foundation must completely fill all cracks and small cracks.One of the most effective ways to create a capillary waterproofing - liquid bitumen.This method has already been described above.
material to protect
material that is used for waterproofing must have the following characteristics:
- First and foremost, of course he must repel water.
- second important property of the material - is its resistance to aggressive influences.It is not just about the impact of moisture.What is the use of protective material if it can be easily destroyed when temperature drops or under the influence of steam?Durability - one of the main characteristics for the waterproofing of the foundation.
- waterproofing, which is applied on their own master plans should be easy to use.He should easily be sprayed or applied.If you need professional equipment for waterproofing, it makes no sense to buy such material.
- waterproofing material must necessarily be environmentally friendly and safe.In no case can not be applied to hazardous substances in the base of the house.Because they are, anyway, to penetrate the housing.Liquid bitumen is safe as long as it is not heated.
- waterproofing should also be flexible.
more information on waterproofing basements you can find the following video material: