- Features strip foundation
- use of pile foundation
- Foundations based on slabs of reinforced concrete pile foundations
- of combined and prefabricated driven piles
Everyone knowsthat the reliability and durability under construction country house is largely determined by the accuracy of selecting the base of the foundation under it.At the same time in order to determine what the foundation for a single-storey house , you can only after careful study of the underlying soils at the site of the proposed works.Just note that such research is recommended with the involvement of the geodesic exploration that will allow you to avoid serious mistakes, unacceptable in the preparation of the most challenging part of building the future.
When constructing foundation bases for the single-storey houses are most often used such traditional support structures as:
- prefabricated foundations or monolithic belt type;
- classic pile foundations;
- supporting foundations on the basis of concrete slabs.
The following sections of our story we will acquaint you with the factors determining the choice of a particular type of support base.
Features strip foundation
so-called strip foundations are usually used for small-sized houses, and in most cases, the basis for their construction are such popular building materials such as concrete or brick.
characteristic of concrete structures of this class is that in choosing them manage to achieve good performance of the bearing capacity of the foundation base with a minimum of material and labor costs.
typical workflow foundations of this type of arrangement usually includes the following steps:
- preparation of the trench (pit) depth of not less than one meter;
- special arrangement "cushion" (based on the sand and gravel);
- formwork assembly of prefabricated panels, followed by reinforcement and pouring the concrete mixture space.
use of pile foundation
use of pile foundation
For a small one-story house of brick can be applied and a traditional kind of support structures as well-known to all of the pile.This kind of structures columnar type most often used for lightweight and garden cottages, assembled from sheets of standard frame.
to prepare it around the perimeter to equip the site (in accordance with the technical project) are pulled out of the well, the bottom of which is closed sand and gravel "cushion."Then these wells hammered metal pipes, cavities are filled with the previously prepared liquid concrete.The length of the tube blanks used should be sufficient to ensure that they are firmly anchored in solid layers of soil.
Foundations based on reinforced concrete slabs
Preparation of the so-called slab foundation usually involves the following steps:
- Preparation pit the size of the site area.
- Laying a special non-woven fabric (geotextile), which is a kind of a solid film, does not share the soil and sand cushion.
- backfill and compaction of the sand.
- mounting, PVC film, excluding the penetration of moisture from the concrete solution in a sand cushion.
- Preparation of formwork and reinforcement followed by pouring concrete or laying of the finished boards.
Note that in order to avoid the formation of voids in the process of pouring concrete, ramming it is necessary to make, using for this purpose an ordinary electric vibrator.
Choosing a foundation base of the type under consideration will allow you to receive reliable support structure does not require additional care, which is able to "take" heavy loads (due to the use of sand cushions serving as a kind of shock absorber in the transmission of pressure on the structure of the soil).In order to improve the reliability of plate support structure, it may be supplemented by part of the basement.The only disadvantage of using this type of foundations is their high cost and a significant investment in time and materials.
of composite pile foundation and precast driven piles
Combined pile foundation
Using teams (combined) driven piles is one of the possible solutions in clarifying what the foundation for a single-storey house.
Driven piles for the foundation
Construction of the foundations of this type can be made both by driving piles into the ground ready, and they just fill in the pre-prepared hole.Thus they are placed in the soil can both vertically and with a slight naklonom.Poperechnoe flooded section of driven piles or may be in the form of a square, circle or polygon.
Video See the video on the choice of different types of foundations made of different materials.