- Manufacturing melkozalublennogo foundation
- rules for calculating the base
main task in the construction of the building is the choice of the type of foundation.It depends on the properties of the soil and its heaving.Heaving soils during freezing expands, rises and leads to cracks in the foundation directly on the construction.
In order to solve this problem made the foundation at a depth below freezing, but this option is not suitable for light buildings, so as an alternative to using melkozaglublenny foundation.
Mounting the belt type foundation
Knowing how to make melkozaglublenny foundation you can easily do the job yourself.Installation of this type requires a combination of all parts of the structure in a single base, is responsible for the balancing of ground deformations and load distribution around the perimeter of the base.When tape melkozaglublennom foundation obtained single frame, while the columnar - supporting elements are fixed
When installing melkozaglublennogo basement there is a possibility of a small rise base.However, the deviation should not be greater than the calculated limit values which depend on the type of construction and the materials used.It is also important to have a rigid structure construction, resistant to deformation during soil freezing.
From a functional purpose, two types of melkozaglublennogo foundation:
- belt.For its construction excavated and compacted trench followed by laying sand pillows;
- Stolbchaty.Installation is based on driven piles or bored piles.
When applying foundation melkozaglublennogo financial, labor and time spent on the construction work is much less.
Manufacturing melkozalublennogo foundation
Belt melkozaglublenny foundation
for mounting melkozalozhennogo foundation must be based sand or crushed stone nepuchinistuyu podsypku.Based on the calculated value, opt for a belt or a pier foundation.
Mounting the belt type
Preparation for foundation tape melkozaglublenny
There are several ways to mount the base tape melkozaglublennogo foundation, which depend on the degree of heaving soils on site construction.
The most reliable method is one in which a monolithic reinforced concrete belt constructed directly on the construction site.Depth bookmark grillage should be 50-60 cm. If the ground slobopuchinisty, the role played by the base blocks of concrete, fastened together pouring concrete issues weaves block valves.The higher figure heaving soils, the stiffer construction should therefore have to use solid elements.
Stolbchaty melkozaglublenny foundation
As the complexity of soil at the construction site, difficult process of self-construction of pier foundation.If heaving soils severe or moderate, there is a need for more rigid fixation elements into a single structure.This is done by pouring monolithic grillage or strengthening of steel beams.
Installation pier foundation
rules for calculating the base
- initially necessary to carry out activities that will help to determine the nature of the soil.Further, based on these indicators, selects a design and calculated the foundation;
- height of the foundation is determined by the values obtained by the main square of the sole.Often, the height is set twice widths;
- sure the calculations are the foundation for possible deformation.
soil properties can be determined without special investigations.To do this you need to do well with a depth of about two meters at a distance of half a meter and make a visual inspection of the soil at depth.If the poor quality of soil, preferably a large part of it is replaced by a more favorable ground, for which you can use sand.It will need to spend more time and effort, but this will reduce the risk of shrinkage of your home and its deformation in the cold season.
With the technology, melkozaglublenny foundation will ensure the reliability of the design for a long time, so built house will delight not only you, but also a few more generations.
technology creation melkozaglublennogo foundation is considered in the following footage: