- initial stage
- Strip foundation
- rubble concrete foundation
- Floating foundation
Building garage - troublesome, but partly also pleasant.At least, all who are passionate about the construction work can get pleasure from the process.It begins construction of the garage, of course, from the drawing.A basis for it, just like any other building, serves as the foundation.Incorrectly laid the foundation can destroy all the work, so you need to know all the details of its arrangement.
drawing double garage
- The first stage - drawing of the future building.It is necessary not only to calculate the amount of material for the garage.Before you pour the foundation for the garage, have yet to decide on the location of the structure and know where to dig a trench and how big it will be.Therefore all drawings and plans are made in advance.
- Initially chosen place for construction.Preferably before construction work to analyze the soil.It is necessary to knowthe characteristics of the soil.Depending on the type of soil need to install additional structures (e.g., drains).Also significantly affect the soil to a depth of the foundation.If
- conduct research of soil do not want to, on the average it is necessary to set the depth of the trench for the foundation at 1 meter, and its width should be no less than 40 cm.
monolithic strip foundations
Under the garage there are many types of foundations.In theory, the builder can install almost any of them, except for those that may prevent the entry into the room.Making the foundation for the garage with his hands, it is better to choose a species that will not require heavy equipment and a large amount of labor.
The most common option - a monolithic strip foundations.It is quite easy to implement, with the exception of the abundance of excavation.You can also make the rubble concrete foundation, which is a kind of tape.
Ribbon foundation under the garage
- First you need to determine the size of the foundation.They depend on the future of the garage and its severity, as well as the characteristics of the soil.The average depth of the trench under the foundation should be from 70 to 100 cm, and its width is about 40 - 50 cm. The width can be increased.The length is determined by the dimensions of the structure.
- After the counting was done, it is necessary to begin excavation work.The depth of the foundation for the garage, as well as other characteristics, must be measured.
- When the trench is ready, you need to pour at the bottom of sand and rubble.The composition of the compacted to increase the density.
- Now it's time to install the formwork.There are two ways to get the formwork for the foundation: you can buy or make your own hands.The second option is less preferred if no builder skills similar work.In the process it is very difficult to sustain all sizes and formwork must be performed flawlessly.Each element of it must be done very accurately by size, so it is best to buy ready-made kit or order its manufacturing.Formwork is made standard.The main thing - in the process of how to fix it, to avoid distortions and deviations.
- After installing formwork need to start pouring the foundation.Before filling must decide whether to reinforce the structure.If yes, then you need to install reinforcing rods or reinforcing mesh.
reinforcement strip foundation
process of creating the strip foundation in video format:
rubble concrete foundation
Construction rubble concrete foundation
rubble concrete foundation of the garage with his hands - one of the most efficient structures (especially,when you consider that there are no spending on job brigade builder).For its construction will require cement and crushed stone.
- first do the layout of the basement and digging a trench, as well as the regeneration of the strip foundation.
- then prepared crushed stone and cement grade 400 and sand and gravel.
- Sand and gravel sprinkled on the bottom and Trumbo.
- ready solution out of the sand with cement.For every bucket of cement must put two buckets of sand.The water on this part will take about buckets.
- At the bottom of the first row is laid rubble.Top Stone poured cement-sand mixture.Then you put the stone again and pour the solution.So should continue to work as long as the last layer of cement is flush with the edge of the trench.
Fill slab foundation
floating foundation - a kind of belt structure.He is perfect in the event that the garage will be built on the ground is not too safe.Such a foundation can withstand the ground motion and the vagaries of weather, as well as relatively high load.
What is the floating foundation?He reminds reinforced concrete slab, which in this case is recessed.For the construction of need cement, rebar or mesh reinforcement and roofing material.Furthermore, it is necessary to stock an instrument.
structure slab foundation
There are three types of floating (slab) foundation:
- grid monolithic or manufactured;
- monolithic reinforced at the edges.
The most economical option - a first.The second option, especially collapsible, pricey.The average ratio of strength and cost - monolithic slab foundation with stiffeners.
Options slab foundation
not too large garage suitable and simple floating foundation.It will be indispensable to the heaving soils.
- first dug pit depth required.Typically, it depends on the nature of the soil.
- to the bottom of the pit must put the sand.Sand bed compacted.
- After that, the sand layer is installed reinforcing mesh.It will serve to strengthen the structure.
- At this point, you can pour the concrete foundation.In some cases, the owners is first mounted on a grid of concrete blocks, and only then poured construction mixture for amplification.
- Once the cement has dried, it is necessary to make the floor in the garage.To do this, carry out the usual screed with sand and cement.
In any case, after the foundation is made, it is necessary to conduct hydro-and vapor barrier floor.You can also install and drainage systems.
device floating on the basement the following video: