- Where to build a shed?
- barn with their hands from a bar.The sequence of works
- barn with their hands made of corrugated board.Feature technology
- Shed your hands out of foam blocks.Features Construction
- Shed with their hands from a brick.The technology works
- How to make their own hands a plastic shed.Design features
- are common recommendations for the manufacture of doors and windows in the barn
- Reliable floor to shed
- Exterior and interior of the barn
Shed is an essential outbuilding at their summer cottage.Well thought out and built a shed can last more than ten years.In addition, you can save well, if you build a shed yourself.The first step is to begin its construction, it is necessary to draw a future project garden, as it specify the location of the barn.In most cases, the location will depend on your particular area.However, despite this, there are general principles of how to choose a location for the barn.
Where to build a shed?
choice of location for the construction of
When selecting a location, note that the shed will be located in one place for a long time.Therefore, well-designed, which will be the best place for him.It is imperative that it perfectly fits into the overall landscape of the site.Based on the location of other buildings, for example, sauna and garage.Some decide to build a shed in the back area.Others on the contrary it is tied to the house, or even build a badly-treated land.Also, the choice of location will depend on what material it is made and what will be its external finish.In this regard, it is given a lot of freedom.Most importantly, that it could fully meet its main purpose.
barn with their hands from a bar.The sequence of works
Shed of timber
When building a shed of timber each phase of the charge.To build it with his own hands must be strictly observed at all stages of the technology works.
The first thing you need to do the project, because the barn - it's a small house.You can do it yourself.The draft indicates a total size, the material used and the amount thereof, a roof and its shape, the presence of baffles and the like.
Next you must determine the type of foundation.In principle, such a foundation could be shed of different types, as the walls of the timber do not crack.The greater range of foundation type will depend on the groundwater, the depth of freezing, as well as the basic characteristics of a given soil.
most popular form of the foundation, which is selected most builders is columnar.Why is that?The reason is very simple.For its production required a minimum quantity of building materials.Moreover, the pier foundation is quite capable to make their own.For its production requires sand, gravel, cement and fittings.Formwork for the foundation can be made of tar paper, twisting it in the form of a tube.This option would be the cheapest and most simple.
structure of timber
So now we consider the sequence of works on manufacturing pier foundation under the shed of timber:
- First determine the location of poles, and it is important to remove the pre-plant soil, it will be enough to25-30 cm.
- It is important to have a post at each corner of the barn, with a gap between them in the 1500-3000 mm.
- Based on the level of soil freezing, using a garden drill hole is made.
- Once, on a mandatory basis is theft of sand on the bottom of the pit, a layer of 200 mm.
- When well prepared, it is placed in the previously prepared roofing material, which will act as the formwork.
- It is inserted into the frame made of rebar.Along the length of the valve can be put 3-4 pieces.Next is to make concrete and pour it into the well.
- After drying pier foundation is ready.
Before starting the construction of the wall is required to lay the binder crown.Pre-shelf bars to go to roofing material.It is desirable in several layers, so you do waterproofing.Following them, around the perimeter of stacked boards impregnated with an antiseptic.At each corner of the boards are connected by Nagel.Before laying the next row of the boards need to put a heater, such as hemp or jute.
Attention!To shed the future can be easily sheathe siding, as well as an additional warm, in the corners of the boards need to connect "in the leg."
Using Nagel connect crowns.To do this, each crown is a few holes every three timber.Make a hole in the inserted "stick» 3-4Ø mm.To process shrinkage cracks do not appear, their length can be less than the depth of the drilled hole.
frame structure of timber
When the height of the walls corresponds to your project is to put the beam and floor to lay on them.The shape of the roof can be pent.To do this, one side of the barn immediately rises above the other.If you want to make the attic or barn, you can make this ascent from the base slab of the roof above.
barn with their hands made of corrugated board.Feature technology
structure of corrugated
Typically, the construction of a shed of corrugated board starts with laying the foundation.This process can be performed independently.Before pouring the foundation necessary to clean up the area of fertile land and deepened to a depth of 500 mm.Then uniformly over the entire plane is done theft, for example, sand and gravel.Next, evenly poured a small layer of gravel to be compacted.For stacked bundles of rebar, and then filled with concrete vsploshnuyu.
After the concrete has dried, prepared by the next floor.To this are placed around the perimeter of the concrete blocks.With the help of level, ensure that the upper point of the blocks on the same level.Once these blocks are placed frame which is the ground floor.When the frame is ready, made of boards, extra fit crossbars every 300-400 mm.Already finished the frame must be secured by means of screws and parts.About what to do from the floor, will be discussed below.
When the subfloor is prepared, you can start making the frame for mounting corrugated board.Based on the planned height of the barn, prepared the uprights.Also take care of the horizontal bars.They are required to make the design more rigid.After making the carcass begins corrugated fasteners.Fastened it with screws.As a rule, on one square meter you go an average of six screws.Compulsory sheets should overlap by 20 cm. In the case you want to make a warm barn, at this stage of the work, you can insulate the wall from inside.As for interior walls, it can be performed in different styles, this will be discussed further.
sheeting to shed
Well, the last phase of the work is the construction of the roof of the barn.The first thing you need to decide what it will be, pent or gabled.If pent, it is the easiest and fastest option.But if you want to make the attic space, it is best to make a gable roof.On the roof you can also use profiled.However, in contrast to the walls, the roof decking is better to use with polyester coating.This will create additional protection against corrosion, as well as to give a more attractive look.Installation is performed on sheets crate with screws with rubber gasket.Also it is laid overlapped 200 mm.You can insulate the roof if necessary.
barn with their hands from the foam blocks.Features Construction
structure of foam blocks
If you want to build a massive and durable shed the foam block is ideal.For this barn would be the best strip foundation.
done it in 6 steps:
- The first thing you want to thoroughly clean the surface of the fertile layer.After the trench is done counting.Its width may be up to 500 mm.It is important to maintain the right angles.
- to a depth of one meter trench digging.
- its bottom covered with sand in thickness up to 400 mm, and then watered and compacted.
- next step will be the construction of the formwork boards.Its height should be measured from the ground of approximately 200 mm.
- using rebar and wire reinforcement cage is made.
- at one time made the whole tape pouring concrete.
After pouring the foundation laid leave covered with foil for a few days, until it is completely dried up.If the temperature is too high, the base every day moderately watered water.
After its complete curing can begin to erect the walls.Before you start laying concrete blocks at the base of the strip foundation is laid a layer of waterproofing.For the construction of blocks you can use a mixture of cement and sand.
dressings each row is laid offset by exactly half a block.Begin laying need to shed any angle.For this purpose often use the corner block.In the process of construction of the walls, it is important to use the building level.They checked a vertical wall.If you do not, you'll have to spend money to buy building materials, which can align the walls, both outside and inside.In order to saw blocks you can use a special hacksaw.Because the foam block has a regular geometric shape and the same dimensions, you can build a shed quickly and most importantly quality.
When the walls are ready, you need to start making the roof.It does not require large investments.You can make a shed roof, covered with its usual slate.Around the perimeter of the walls set the guide bar.Between them are placed beams 100 × 150 mm, a distance of one meter.UPRIGHT propped up the rafters.To most efficiently distribute the load, the rack can be positioned at the middle of the trusses.For the manufacture of the frame fits slate overlap.Secured slate nails.So, a barn of foam blocks ready.It is necessary to carry out finishing work, but we'll discuss this later.
barn with their hands from a brick.The technology works
As for the bricks, then it is the most popular building material that is used for the construction of the shed.This is due to the fact that it has many advantages.For example, it is durable, strong, practical in operation.Let's look at how to make bricks out of the barn with their hands.
foundation for a brick barn
It should be noted that, as for the foam blocks and bricks for the ideal option will strip foundation.As it is made above.Consider why there is such a solid foundation.First of all it is excellent in those cases when the soil is moist.This foundation is able to handle the additional load.For example, you can build attic.Moreover, some of Sarah decides to make a flat roof, and on it placed a gazebo.It will be a great place to relax.There is also an option to install for drying fruit or simply to make the arch under the vine.All this will be possible thanks to a strip foundation that can withstand a greater load.
One of the important work is forcing the walls.For this pre-made waterproofing.When a half-brick masonry will be enough of the sand-lime brick.Based on the weather conditions, the solution is prepared in technology.
When laying brick is important to do at once unravel until the solution is fresh.During the construction immediately equipped with ventilation.This is important, as in the air will not stagnate, and the room is well dried.
When the last row is ready, it is desirable to fill Laying nets.It will securely hold the entire structure around the perimeter.Once the roof is installed.As is the case with a barn of foam blocks, the roof is done similarly.The only thing that so is the choice of roofing material and the roof form.There is a wide variety of coatings for roofs, most importantly, to achieve a high quality of work, namely, good water drainage and tightness.In this case, your barn, made of bricks with their hands, will last for many years.As for finishing work, then this will be discussed further.
How to make their own hands a plastic shed.Design features
Due to technology development and engineering it is possible to decorate the original suburban area with all sorts of designs of prefabricated plastic panels.At their assembly does not require special building skills.The assembly is carried out on the basis of children's designer.Plastic can be made a variety of sizes and shapes of the barn.Most importantly, you can build it yourself.
founded this technology on a metal frame.As for the walls, floor and roof, they are made of plastic frost.Roof ridge is made of transparent plastic.Because of this, even in the daytime, you can work in it without artificial light.Thanks equipped with floor barn completely protected from entering groundwater.Accordingly, there will always be dry, and thanks to a well thought-out ventilation air is fresh.As for the winter season, the entire structure can withstand the weight of snow is excellent.
One of its major advantages is the assembly.Even if you do not have the experience, the average assembly design will take you three hours.It is important to consider that the construction of the barn of this type are not required to deal with the dirty and dusty work, for example, a material such as brick or foam block.Comfort lies in the fact that at any time a shed made of plastic can be moved from place to place.Moreover, plastic shed does not require maintenance.With careful operation lifetime can be up to thirty years.Shed easy to clean water supplied through the hose.
are common guidelines for the manufacture of doors and windows in the barn
Regardless of the method of construction, select the location of doors and windows must be in advance.With regard to the door, then you can buy them ready, or make your own.Made doors with their hands, you can save money.Moreover, you can make the door of a size that you need, without fitting.For example, the doors of the two parts or too wide.
Latch on the door of the shed
To make the door pre-shoot its size.The first step is going to the door frame.As for the blade frame, it is possible to make boards of 50 × 50 mm, and it is superimposed on top of board thickness may be 100 mm.That they do not interfere with opening and closing, make sure that the board does not protrude beyond the frame.To increase the rigidity of the door on the other side stuffed lath form «Z».After installing hinges and hung the canvas on an existing frame.
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