- Material device Abyssinian well
- Choosing a place for the well
Originally Abyssinian well named in honor of the inventor - Norton.However, soon forgot about the man, and as such the first well was installed in Abyssinia, then became like water sources called Abyssinian well.Make this device was very simple, and its popularity has contributed to the fact that to get water not required much effort and time.So, if you want to break the Abyssinian well with his hands, and on the same day to get water, then consider from what it do, and how to reach the aquifer.
Material device Abyssinian well
tip and grid
Although the location and depth of the aquifer with certainty, however, does no harm will ask the neighbors about the depth with which theypump water.This will help determine the amount of purchased pipes and it will become clear whether or not to do so well on the site.What reasons can be to abandon this venture?Consider some of them:
- aquifer extends to a depth of more than 9 m. In this case, the vacuum pump can not pump out the water.
- under ground passes rock.
- many stones in the ground.
In the first and in the second case would have to give up the idea because the use of small diameter pipe will not be allowed to enter the inside of the well pump, but in another way it will not extend to a great depth, or reaching the rock, you will be able to break it.The rocky soil can be at your own risk to try, but a very high probability that it will not turn to reach the aquifer.Moreover, you can even spoil the pipe so that it can not be used in the future.
If the conditions are suitable, you will need:
- stainless or galvanized pipe 3/4 inch (inch possible) - take into account the depth of the aquifer, immersion in a tube, and its projecting part above the ground;
- Cone for intake;
- Mesh intake (recommended stainless P52);
- Tin unleaded, self-tapping screws or stainless steel;
- manual piston pump or electric vacuum.
to the ends of the pipe, which will go into the ground, it is necessary to weld the cone (or make a threaded connection).
To water flowed into the tube, in the lower part of the need to drill holes with a diameter of 5 to 8 mm, a height of not less than 50 cm, and the top soldered mesh covering her holes (or fasten with screws).
tubes are cut to a length of 1.5-3 m, and at their ends tapped for further compounds with steel sleeves as cast iron may burst.Length cutting tube depends on the hardness of the soil and your convenience.
Choosing a place for the well
suitable place for a well
for devices on the plot Abyssinian well with your hands, there are rules under which the well must be sufficiently distant from the sources of pollution of the soil - latrines and drain holes,and not only on the site, but also on adjacent.
What to do, because if you do not remove the well at sufficient distance, the water is undrinkable.We'll have to suck it up and use water only for technical purposes and for watering, artesian well, or do, but that's another topic.
Diagram of the filter
If you have a good soft ground, we can say that lucky, because not only accelerates the process of plugging the pipe, but it happens with less effort.For driving this construction required "Drop-baba" - heavy steel ingots, weighing more than 30 kg, with a hole in the center and two handles on the sides.Initially, the pipe clamp must be secured that by tightening bolts - the so-called podbabok, and then put on the pipe woman.If you pick it up manually, the power runs out very quickly.You can attach the clip to the pipe 2, and the two synchronously lifted and let this "percussion instrument" with the help of ropes.You can also use an alternative method - to score the pipe jackhammer.With the entry of the pipe into the ground, for it to extend the new pipes are screwed.For a tight connection between them using a plumbing flax, as if tightness is reached, the vacuum pump to pump out the water will be very difficult and perhaps even impossible.Move podbabok above, and repeat the procedure.These actions must be done as long as the lower part of the pipe will not enter into the aquifer.Determine it easy.The pipe clog constantly blow off some water, and as soon as she abruptly leaves, then she went into the aquifer.Then delve even half a meter - the goal is achieved.If necessary, cut the pipe and cut a thread by which a check valve is attached and the hand pump.When cutting thread, hold the pipe to keep it cool.This is especially important when the reverse scrolling rezboreza - so you can unscrew the pipe from the coupling.
If it is impossible to use this method, you can drill a hole of small diameter, and then pour into it a couple of bags of marble chips, which will serve as a filter.Insert in the same hole structure which was intended for clogging.
Video This video shows how to produce a drilling hammer.