- floors and walls
Spacious and cozy porch, or as it is fashionable today to talk- terrace is the perfect place for secluded relaxation, and for fun, wild parties with friends in the warm season.Properly designed porch with original design right can be a real adornment of the facade of any private home.Of course, it is best to build the porch lay in the main project of construction of the house.But do not be upset if you did not do it prudently, because this type of room can be attached at any time.Here's how to attach the verandah to the house, try to figure out right now.
Veranda country house
Typically, a veranda in front of the main facade, but it is not forbidden to place in front of it and the side facade, if necessary.It is important that a veranda with a good view of the gate (the main entrance to the courtyard) and had a passage in the rooms of the house.
Before begin construction, do not forget to prepare the workplace, ie,clean the area, dismantle porch and canopy over the entrance.
pier foundation under the porch
for frame or wooden veranda suitable pier foundation, ie,with the installation of the foundation pillars of masonry under the corner posts.
pits under the bars is recommended to dig to a depth of more than a meter - so it will be more reliable.
sequence of works on the construction of the foundation:
- At first dug pit depth of at least one meter.
- bottom of each of the wells filled layers: the first thing is poured 20 cm of sand, and then 10 cm of gravel.
- poured concrete base (about 15 cm) and is given some time to grasp the concrete.
- lecturing pillars of brick.Aboveground part thereof adjusted to the height of the primary foundation or a little lower.The height of the brick pillars of the foundation are made, usually below the finish floor level at 30 cm.
- Each column should be ready to miss the mark with hot bitumen.
- pillars cavities backfilled brick fragments or fine gravel.
- gaps between the pillars and the ground covered with sand.
wooden frame porch
frame porch, as a rule, made of wooden boards, the size of the cross section of which is 120x80 ili100h200.For these purposes often used timber (diameter ≤ 12 cm).
begin to build a wooden frame usually sill (preferably - double).The compounds of the boards should be made directly lock.At the level of the second timber and logs crashing uprights with spikes (50-50) in the harness.Fasten the whole construction nails, and for greater reliability using staples.
roof truss system and piping are installed on the upper rack.Uprights can serve as the solid wooden rails and connected two boards (120h40 section) with a gasket therebetween.To fix the rafters using a horizontal beam that passes under the slope of the roof of the house.Beams and rack should attach the anchor bolts.During installation, make sure the frame porch to porch roof being built well dock with the roof of the house.
construction process veranda
Undoubtedly, the roof should be a continuation of the veranda roof.It is recommended to perform from the same roofing material, but also allowed the use of other species.The roofing material is attached to a wooden crate.Crate mounted or intermittently, or close (depending on the type of roof).
- boards fastened flush in the case of the web material.During fixing flooring to the rafters should utaplivat nail heads in a wooden surface (they are in no case should not act).The web material is secured at the edges with nails, and for additional fixing to covering nailed slats.Speakers roll edge should bend inward and strengthen nails.
- When used for roofing steel roofing material, it is attached to the sheathing with nails and joints "rebated" seam.
- mounted overlapping sheets of asbestos.This top sheet overlapping lower at least by 14 cm. Krepjat them into pre-drilled holes with nails or screws.
floors and walls
Construction cap veranda
usually make the wooden floor, taking as the material of wooden planks, previously covered with antiseptic.
veranda can be left open, but you can build walls, erecting them from wooden boards or lining.In the second embodiment do not forget to take care of the windows.
Videos How to build a veranda, porch, see the following footage:
Winter glazed veranda
Veranda country house
Veranda to the house
Enclosed porch winter