- Working with timbers
- Mounting options
With the construction of the house with his own hands with the help of timber need to know almost everything about how to strengthen the beams to the beam.Here are the main ways of fixing:
- Bottom rail.
- Vertical mounting studs.
- upper rail.
- Corner no corner posts.
- Mounting corners.
- Mounting beam cutting method.
- Strengthening frame.
- mount ceiling beams.
Before working on timbers need to make sure that all the materials have been prepared and the area where the construction will take place.
Working with timbers
Fixing anchors timber sill
- board for the frame must be dry, if it is not dried up, then immediately after the installation of timber frame sheathe OSB;
- all the material treated with a special antiseptic;
- advance, prepare the necessary fasteners;
- sure before buying lumber precisely figured out the required size of the frame plating, if you do not, then with increasing thickness (unplanned) will need to be added to the frame of the small details that is not a good start in building the foundations framing.
Bottom rail timbers made on the principle of laying on the raft foundation (pre-laid roofing material).
Fixing timber to grillages
If there is no tar paper, you can cover the foundation of the ordinary film, which protects the concrete from moisture and concrete jelly.When the foundation is ready for laying the timber, check the plane raft foundation level, to ensure its perfect flatness.This timber surface is applied, it is necessary for the sill, wherein the method of sampling dock bars at the corners.
Types compound timber
sample may be a half-tree or a paw.Option in a half-tree means clean cut in half the thickness of the beam (for connection with another board).Alternative fastening means are in the leg section at 45% of the mid-beam to the lower end (or upper, depending on where one of the bars is at fixation).
principle of angular locking bar
When attaching a bar on the principle of angular fixation using some of the options:
- anchor compound;
- fixing nails 150mm;
- fixing with wooden pins.
types of samples in the corners
Nagel must be from dried oak, with a projection above the bar for 6-8 cm diameter Nagel is always equal to the diameter of the mounting holes.Before attaching the boards collate they should be equal, and diagonal corners.
At bottom plate is attached to the base bar with nuts with large washers.Washer improves attachment to the foundation because it increases the adhesion of the two plane surfaces.Nut pick-key - the hex, the other options are not appropriate.
Fixing timber corners
When sill bars connect with nails or pegs - corner anchor is required.If the angles are fastened in another way, without nagelja or nails, the first anchor is attached to the corner where the boards are joined.
Mounting plates and corners
- If waistrail on nails or anchors, the angled rack mounted using steel brackets.
- After mounting sill Nagel put on corner posts left on issues of 6-8 cm.
Methods for installing racks of timber
Fixing the non-corner racks in two ways: by cutting, steel corners.Corners reliable holding structure has only one drawback - the cost.Sami corners are fixed to the beam by means of screws.The method involves cutting a special holder with recesses having a depth of 50% of the thickness of the sill.Example: if the timber has a thickness of 80 mm, while the depth of the cutting is 40 mm.
struts fixing racks
Bars cantrail convenient docked on cutting corners or use of galvanized steel.If you select the method of cutting, then you need to do the exact layout for cutting each vertically mounted timber (rack).Grooves top binding must match the grooves of the waist, otherwise get skewed design that gradually she falls apart.
How to prepare timber joints, see below: