- hip roof
- Structure Analysis
- Mounting roof
At present, the construction of suburban residential homes may include the following types of roof structures:
- Shed or gable roofs;
- mansard roof;
- tent structures.
most difficult for independent manufacturing is considered the last option of the roof, which, however, has attracted many of its original and attractive views.This article is dedicated to the study of the question of how to make a hip roof with his hands.
house with a hipped roof
Hip roof is a special pyramidal structure with a square at its base, with rays performed in the form of converging to the base of an isosceles triangle.
This roof may have a greater number of rays or be generally circular, and the main thing - to observe the symmetry.It resembles in appearance to the tent, which is embodied in its name.Note that the absence from the tent gables designs allows significantly save on materials in their construction.
If desired, a hipped roof structure can be erected on any building, even though much more convenient if the foundation of the house will be done in the form of a square.
The basis of the roof structure is quite difficult in the performance of truss system, which in the presence of certain skills, you can do it yourself.
area calculation skates hip roof When calculating performance hipped roof must be based on the following conditions:
- selected dimensions (length and width)a base;
- angle of slope;
- form the base of the roof (it is desirable that this was a square).
Note that the execution of these works is better to entrust the professionals, because their results will depend on the quality and reliability of the entire construction.
Installation hipped roof
frame roof tent type contains the following elements:
- diagonal rafters;
- supporting bar (mauerlat);
- side and ridge pole;
- struts and braces.
At arrangement hip roof can be used the following types of diagonal trusses:
- rafters hanging type, based on walls and creating bursting force horizontally (used when there is no internal load-bearing walls);
- naslonnye rafters, based not only on the walls but also on domestic support (load-bearing walls).
in wood frame buildings all truss system is based on the upper harness base of the building (in the wooden house - right on the upper row design).
The houses of brick used as a support or a special mauerlat support beams to be placed on pre-prepared for this wall.Their training is generally limited to leveling the surface of the top row of masonry and pouring her tie.Sometimes (in order to better anchor mauerlat) in the surface mounted fitting pieces.
On top of it around the perimeter of the building bearing mounted rails and sleepers, with between brickwork and mauerlat necessarily fit a layer of waterproofing material.
hip roof truss system
In preparing the hip roof you have to use several types of trusses.First of all, it is the usual form of chutes, which are connected to the ridge.Extras can be used side triangular and diagonal rafters.If their installation focuses on the absence of differences in length and angle of the elements which should be clearly reconciled to all four sides.The length of the overhang is usually chosen on the basis of the design features and can reach one meter.
After mounting nakosnyh rafters can go to consolidate the central (intermediate).At the same time we should not forget that they must be the same size and placed strictly parallel.One end is attached to their mauerlat and the other - to the ridge of the roof.
Then you can begin to mount the corner rafter to rafter diagonal type.To this end, both sides nakosnyh rafters set special Cherenkov beam.
In conclusion, you can only fill a crate and lay a roofing material.
Features hipped roof
On top stuffed kontrobreshёtka, fastening systems and sealing a gap for ventilation of roof space.On the inner (lower) side of the rafters fit insulation, Enclosed with a layer vapor barrier.
Sophisticated hip roof
Hip roof cottage
Hip roof log houses
process of building a hipped roof