- choice of design
- layout and prepare materials
- Manufacturing porch
construction of a country house or villa is completed, as is well known, manufacturing steps, which in addition to itsdirect appointment also serves as a design element of the facade of the building.That is why the question of how to make a porch deserves your attention.
choice of design
Experts recommend doing a porch with the house, because in this case the two buildings will have a common base and a single system of waterproofing.This organization of construction to avoid problems with the "subsidence" as the base of the porch area (base), and its individual steps.
Work on the construction of the porch usually begin with the preparation of a sketch of his appearance, which should organically fit into the design of the facade of the entire building.Of course, against the background of a log, or a bar-shaped shield structure will look more organic traditional wooden porch.If
Thus one should always remember that the main condition for successful design is to comply with the necessary proportions and preserve a sense of proportion.Dimensions porch must comply with the general size of your country and the structure is not lost on his large-scale background.At the same time, "scanty" entrance with three steps, sticky to the huge stone cottages will look to put it mildly, not very aesthetically pleasing.
When choosing the design of the porch, you can encounter a number of very different options, some of which will be considered by us below.Most of the known designs require selection of the following forms the base of this construction:
- round playground.
layout and prepare materials
Example wooden porch
Before the start of excavation to bind the base of the porch next to the construction site, to mark its location with wooden pegs.Decide "where" the orientation of his steps, which can be arranged directly or sideways, with their number, as well as the necessary facilities for fencing (railing).
In addition, you should prepare the entire volume for your project, and all the material necessary for the work tool.It should be borne in mind that the steps related to facilities operated in the open air, and over the years will be influenced by the weather.That's why all building materials for him must have the highest quality.
In the Russian climate solution to the question "how to make a porch" involves equipping capital foundation under it.This easy installation of concrete slabs on a sandy base may be insufficient.Spring water and incessant rains easily podmoyut ground under the ground so that in time it will certainly cause distortion.So you have to make a major foundation under the porch all the rules arrangement of the latter.
Choosing the type of foundation will depend on the level of ground water, the type of the local ground, and also on the size of the porch.The most convenient option of training grounds for dry sandy soils are equipping the perimeter (in the corners) to the porch area of small holes which are filled with sand and stacked them on top of the square stone slabs.
Before starting work, be sure to prepare a tool with which you can control the vertical construction.For this purpose, you need the level of any type of building or simply plummet.
During the construction of the porch, try to follow the basic requirements of building codes for structures of this kind.These requirements are as follows:
- porch riser height should be in the range of 140-170 mm;
- its tread width must be 300mm;
- handrails must have a height of not less than 0.9 meters;
- overhang canopy porch with a stock must cover its working area.
In that case, if you plan to make a porch of a wooden material - to be processed workpiece (in order to protect them from mold and rot) liquid antiseptic and special water-repellent composition.Construction of brick enough to handle special impregnation that protects it from the so-called "efflorescence" markedly spoiling appearance brickwork.
For the final (finishing) finishes the porch, you can use the entire arsenal of existing materials in our time, from Ondulin, siding and metal roofing and finishing natural stone, composite decking board and the natural tile.
See how building a porch professionals: