- Features penobloka
- foundation for a bath
- Finish bath
bath structure is, by definition compelled to be environmentallyclean, warm and comfortable.It has long been paired constructed from wood, and it was such a bath is now the predominant part of the people.But the skeleton bath or sauna of wooden logs in the current environment - it's too expensive, because the price of natural materials in recent years is incredibly "skyrocketed."And the quality of the materials sold poor.Therefore, a viable alternative to timber became bath of foam blocks, which are made of porous concrete.A cellular concrete (aerated concrete) does not conclude in its composition hazardous chemicals and has a high performance.
foam block Foam with properties similar to wood, but fire-resistant and has a low level of radioactivity.He also has a small mass, that when relatively large amounts of foam blocks is especially convenient for transportation, laying and mounting.
The foam block differs from other materials
bath of foam blocks were constructed with their own hands, without any extra effort, because this material is sawn, cut and planed even conventional handsaw or ax (economic / tourism).The foam as well are driven fasteners.
foundation for a bath
Structural Foam concrete bath
During the construction of baths betonosoderzhaschey foam should properly lay the foundation.To this end sees pit depth of 60 cm and a width of 30 cm. After that, using a laser level, it is necessary to drive the four pins on the edges of the excavated hole, to stretch the rope, and even hammer additional intermediate rods, the entire length of the base every 1.9meter.It is necessary that there was no late complications during reconciliation on the evenness of the foundation of two-meter rule.
option scheme of the foundation for a bath
Upon completion of the above fixtures (with a thickness of iron is not less than 12 mm) is performed frame.From boards approximate width should be equal to 20-30 mm, closely welded formwork.Then evenly poured concrete foundation, it is desirable to mark 200. The resulting base height of 70-75 cm is enough if constructed small-sized bath foam concrete.In addition, the thickness of the foundation should be to arrange a sewer drain desyatisantimetrovyh receiver (ladder).Above all put steel mesh.A few days later you can resume work on a completely frozen cement.
After laying waterproofing (plastic films or layers of fiberglass) on top of the base of the bath comes the stage of construction of the wall.The universal acceptance of the builders baths earned foambloc mark M25 with a density of D700.Its dimensions are best for any stroyrabot - 10h30h60 see.
Driving insulation and cladding
By building level is determined by the highest corner of the building and from the subsequent construction being Foam concrete walls.
Laying the first row is the most significant and decisive step.In this series, mounting blocks together is carried out using a conventional cement-sand mortar.After completing a number of calculations required diligently to completely level surface and compensate for all the height differences of the foundation and uneven with bulges.And that this phase is determined by how udoboispolnimoy will be follow-up work.Therefore, laser level should be used regularly, and all units must be installed in its place using a mallet with rubber knob.To build was more comfortable, you can pull the line between the corners of the future saunas.
Laying of the second and subsequent rows require pushed on to a special glue - it can be diluted with water directly on the construction site.Buy the adhesive can often in pouches as a dry mixture.In its preparation usually takes about 5-10 minutes.Spending a minimum of glue, and its thickness in the masonry is never more than half a centimeter.
bath foam concrete, built with the use of the adhesive, the wall is thick, almost without joints and "bridges the transition."
Masters professionals advise to put concrete blocks in three rows, placing between them a reinforcing layer of the steel fine mesh.It certainly should be done to strengthen the integrity of the total structure.A cover door and window openings in Foam concrete walls quite difficult if the formwork is filled with concrete or patterned applied elements of factory production.
for laying an initial set of walls of the foam block should be selected blocks of maximum density, prilazhivaya them through cementing.For the following series require a specific glue.It is made from bulk mixtures containing adhesive.To prepare the necessary capacity of the small-diameter drill with whisk.
walls of the foam block
It is important to stick to the horizontal and vertical level.They can compare the building or laser level.
After the construction of the wall mounted rafters of the shed (the boards are 10x40 cm) and uterus (transverse beams for the roof decking) from a board 15h50 cm. Battens must be fastened at intervals of two feet.The ideal gap between the rafters - 10.2 cm. Preliminary wooden canopy width of 2.5 cm placed between the uterus, and then layer it put foam thickness of 19 cm. Further along the dams of attic plank wooden floor thickness of 2.5 cm.
Foam concrete ceiling in the bath definitely need to make a couple of holes for ventilation.The roof on the outside, it is desirable to cover the floorings and the gable roofing material to sew.
Any betonosoderzhaschey bath foam to create vulnerable to moisture - even the most expensive.It follows that the waterproofing (protection against water) is paramount.
itself waterproof insulation Foam concrete wall surface of the bath is made by impregnating them water-repellent emulsion supplemented inside Laying specialized protective film.
Create bath foam concrete often involves external finish for aesthetic purposes.The optimal method of the outer wrapping for foam - the latest ventilated facades attachment type, giving the excess moisture from the interior of blocks removed in the atmosphere.Best suited for these types of siding (non-combustible materials for facing walls), fixed on the frames:
- Ground siding;
- vinyl siding.
sewn inside the bath timber, covered with synthetic paints on top of plaster or spread keramoplitkoy.Many people are pleased when in the bath felt the smell of wood.Because timber paneling and Foam concrete walls from the inside is quite popular.But not every tree is suitable for a bath because of its specific wet-temperature dispensation.The best for this purpose - coniferous, pine or spruce.But they can cause allergies.
Therefore sewings steam should be used aspen or lime, is a remarkable thermal insulators and are heated at high temperatures.It is important that the chosen timber was high quality, and did not arise later some distortions due to rising damp.Also, before you have to treat the wood paneling, removing the outer layers, the most prone to undesirable effects of water.They are cut and covered with wood already prepared a specialized waterproof insulating composition.
So, in a relatively short time and easily constructed from foam blocks durable, lightweight, warm and clean room, which can be called a worthy successor to the traditional log pair.
Pay attention to the possibility of warming bath outside: