Many people in our time living in the Khrushchev.These homes are characterized by low walls and small size apartments.Here, there are problems with repairing the ceiling space, which has a large curvature of the surface.Some offer the installation of the ceiling, but it will reduce the space of the room.
Khrushchev ceiling height does not allow it even lower.Ceiling height in the Stalinist buildings is much higher, so repair is much easier to do, but in this case has its peculiarities.On both rooms of this type and will talk in this article.
Repair ceiling in Khrushchev
Designers offer the following options:
- In the living room, kitchen and bedroom to use drywall and make the surface smooth (and possibly multi-level design);
- in the bathroom and the hallway lead plastering the surface and the plane tiled;
- Instead bulk chandeliers mount spotlights that visually enlarge the room.
Ceiling height in the Khrushchev is not quite big, so keep the
to start work required to prepare the room.
This should be done in two phases:
- Cleaning the plane of the old plaster;
- Replacing wiring.
For quality repairs we need to make the perfect base for mounting:
- with a brush on the metal surface to be cleaned completely and see what is underneath;
- If we see the old plaster flaking and cracking, then using a chisel and hammer repulse these elements;
- If cracks are not significant, they should be split up to one centimeter.With a smaller width of the material plaster or putty can not be fixed and can flake off in time.
In Khrushchev quite old wiring.
Before finishing the ceiling should be replaced:
- marks the point lighting fixture;
- Making channels for supply wiring;
Warning;For installation of channels is not worth Stroebe surface, do not apply for jobs hammer drill and hammer.Use the grinder and the terms of the concrete.
- Laying wiring and shpaklyuem.For joint connections should not use duct tape.Use sealed terminal block.
Do podshivnoy ceiling
Though podshivnoy plasterboard and take up little space in the room, on the one hand, but it will increase and the visual area of the premises.Installing spotlights and smooth return plane lost height of the room.
for quality installation of drywall required to prepare a flat plane.
- buy hydraulic level or do it yourself.To acquire this rubber hose and two tubes (available at pharmacies) .Vstavlyaem tube in both ends of the hose.Level ready;
- find the lowest corner of the room, add the thickness of the strips and drywall.Make a mark on the wall;
- With hydraulic transport level mark on the other walls of the room;
- slugger, according to the marks with the help of cord yarn, the level of the bottom of the ceiling around the perimeter of the premises;
- Fasten straps frame to the surface of the ceiling with the help of anchors.To set the frame apply lining.
If you have not done channel for posting now should.After installing the sheets it will be impossible to meet.
frame ready.You can start to trim.
installation of drywall sheets to perform better together, is eliminate the damage of the material.
- Fixing is done with screws with a length of 25 mm.Coverage on a single sheet of material is about 60 pieces .Fixing is done through every 30 cm .
- Screws should be screwed in such a way that the cap plunge and was drowned;
- When fastening the sheet should be placed to the edge took place in the middle of the rack;
- Installation sheets should immediately withdraw the wire for mounting fixtures.
- cutouts in the material to run its mounting;
- After installing plasterboard should be sealed all the seams using putty.Display plane using sandpaper or construction grid.
Repair ceiling in the bathroom
in the Khrushchev bathroom has a low ceiling, as in all areas.Many perform traditional decorating work: plastering and painting.However, many materials nowadays allow original to make this work and did not reduce the height of the walls.
can help glue ceilings.This tile, which has a rectangular or square shape.Material - polystyrene.
structure of the outer coating can be smooth, and relief.In the retail trade there is a large assortment of these products.
This finish has many advantages:
- you do not lower the ceiling coating;
- quick installation and the ability to perform the work itself, which significantly reduce the cost structure;
- fasteners can be performed on any flat surface;
- Perfectly camouflaged coating defects (unevenness and cracks).No need to fully grout surface;
- material is not afraid of moisture and can be mounted perfectly in the bathroom;
- This finish provides high heat and sound insulation.
Mounting adhesive ceiling tiles
simply glued onto the plane of the ceiling in the Khrushchev.
- makes cleaning the surface;
- plane coated with purified primer;
- Fully surface can not print, tile hides minor irregularities;
- is the center of the wall and connect them with lines.So we define and center of the ceiling.From which it should start laying the tiles;
- Installation can be performed on any adhesive base, including liquid nails;
- to conceal the junction tiles and the walls are used ceiling cornices, which also can be selected from polystyrene.
If done correctly, marking and laying tiles, a ceiling will decorate the Bathing room.
Stucco in Stalinka
How to make the ceiling in question stalinkas -So if there is, it is never a problem.The height of the walls of the Stalin time allows you to choose any design using different materials.But there are some features that should be considered.
In stalinkas will look great, and the tension-type design, and made of plasterboard.Here, unlike Khrushchev, good height, so Stalin more adapted to finish and redevelopment.But there are some features that should be considered.
- In the early houses built in 30s , native plaster made of clay completely, and it is made of shingles.Therefore, its removal is quite time consuming and expensive task.And it should be removed in advance to decide where to put it - a pretty impressive amount of trash;
- It should also be taken into account that the ceiling stalinki, unlike Khrushchev more "springy".When applying a new layer of plaster, it can begin to crack and flake off;
- On many forums as written can be dangerous, and the dismantling of the ceiling.Do not think dismantle the walls, then there will be only one pylon, which will support the ceiling (floor neighbor living above) were also cases of collapse;
- stalinkas ceilings, built in the 50s, made with reinforced concrete floors.They represent a system of cross-bars with T-beams, which are filled with the addition of slag cement, they are hollow inside.Such floors are made at all levels, including the transition to the attic.Here, indeed, it can be installed virtually any design.Just keep in mind that it's pretty solid structures that do not take household hammer, this is the challenge for mounting dowels;
Most experts advise to do the ceiling in the Stalin time on such a scheme:
- Cleaning the old layer;
- primer plates and subsequent treatment of joints with putty, and can be used serpyanku;
- applying the final layer of putty;
- Grout and grinding plane;
- primer surface before painting;
There are some features of the repair of the ceiling in the bathroom:
- When finding an apartment is not on the top floor, the ceiling can hang around the siphon is drained from the neighbors, who are at the top;
- Sometimes the ceiling may be a gas pipe.
The result is high quality repairs the following options: plaster or drywall.Or suspended ceiling.Stalinkas ceiling height allows you to select any of these options
Also pay attention to the question of whether the ceiling primed before painting?
What should be done before the start of repair and what to look for:
- Make inspection prior to repair the ceiling.Tapped viewing.Correctly determine the quality of old plaster;
- Before making the decision to remove obsolete plaster, determine whether there is overlap underneath your neighbors;
- Remove the old plaster is only in extreme cases;
- Construction of plasterboard or stretched canvas - the most appropriate options for repair.
approached with full responsibility for the repair of the ceiling in old houses.Follow all the technological nuances.And make design will serve for many years.